Featured Publications

Transport Justice Karel Martens


Transport Justice: Designing Fair Transportation Systems

Karel Martens (2017)

Transport Justice develops a new paradigm for transportation planning based on principles of justice. Author Karel Martens starts from the observation that for the last fifty years the focus of transportation planning and policy has been on the performance of the transport system and ways to improve it, without much attention being paid to the persons actually using – or failing to use – that transport system.

There are far-reaching consequences of this approach, with some enjoying the fruits of the improvements in the transport system, while others have experienced a substantial deterioration in their situation. The growing body of academic evidence on the resulting disparities in mobility and accessibility, have been paralleled by increasingly vocal calls for policy changes to address the inequities that have developed over time. Drawing on philosophies of social justice, Transport Justice argues that governments have the fundamental duty of providing virtually every person with adequate transportation and thus of mitigating the social disparities that have been created over the past decades.

Critical reading for transport planners and students of transportation planning, this book develops a new approach to transportation planning that takes people as its starting point, and justice as its end.

Measuring Transport Equity


Measuring Transport Equity

Karen Lucas and Karel Martens (2019)

Measuring Transport Equity provides a range of methods with the potential to shape transport decision-making processes, thus allowing for the adoption of more equitable transport solutions. Presenting numerous applied methods and applications of transport equity assessment, the book formalizes the disciplinary practice, definitions and methodologies for transport equity. In addition, it recognizes the different types of equity and acknowledges that each requires its own assessment methodologies. Bringing together the most up-to-date perspectives and practical approaches for assessing equity in relation to accessibility, environmental impacts, health and wellbeing, the book sets standards for researchers, policymakers and practitioners for conducting social impact analyses and is an ideal reference for those involved in transport planning.

Featured Journal Papers & Book Chapters

Book Chapter

Social Justice and Cycling

Martens K., Golub A., and Hamre A. (2021)

Journal Paper

The Dutch elderly’s preferences toward a smart demand-responsive transport service

Jittrapirom P., van Neerven W., Martens K., Trampe D., and Meurs H. (2019)

Measuring Transport Equity

Book Chapter

An index to measure accessibility poverty risk

Martens K. and Bastiaanssen J. (2019)

Measuring Transport Equity

Book Chapter

Measuring transport equity: key components, framings and metrics

Martens K., Bastiaanssen J. & Lucas K. (2019)

Journal Paper

Emerging Urban Mobility Technologies through the Lens of Everyday Urban Aesthetics: Case of Self-Driving Vehicle

Mladenović, M. N., Lehtinen S., Soh E., and Martens K. (2019)

Video Lectures

Selected Papers

  1. Zhang, Y., Martens, K. and Long, Y. Revealing group travel behavior patterns with public transit smart card data. Travel Behaviour and Society 10: 42-52. 2018
  2. Kerkman, K., K. Martens and H. Meurs Predicting travel flows with spatially explicit aggregate models: on the benefits of including spatial dependence in travel demand modeling. Transportation Research Part A, 2018
  3. Martens, K. and Golub, A., A fair distribution of transportation benefits: Interpreting Title VI for transportation investment programs. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 2018
  4. Tasseron, G. and K. Martens, The impact of bottom-up parking information provision in a real-life context: the case of Antwerp.” Journal of Advanced Transportation. 2017
  5. Kerkman, K., K. Martens and H. Meurs, A multilevel spatial interaction model of transit flows incorporating spatial and network autocorrelation.” Journal of Transport Geography, 60: 155-166. 2017
  6. Tasseron, G. and K. Martens, Urban parking space reservation through bottom-up information provision: An agent-based analysis. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 64: 30-41. 2017
  7. Martens, K. and F. Di Ciommo, Travel time savings, accessibility gains and equity effects in cost-benefit analysis. Transport Reviews. 37(2): 152-169. 2017
  8. Nahmias-Biran, B.-h., Shiftan, Y. and K. Martens, Integrating equity in transportation project assessment: philosophical explorations. Transport Reviews, 37(2): 192-210. 2017
  9. Arsenio, E., K. Martens, and F. Di Ciommo, Sustainable urban mobility plans: meeting climate change and equity targets in urban transport policy. Research in Transport Economics. 2016
  10. Levy, S., K. Martens, and R. van der Heijden, Agent-based models and self-organisation: addressing common criticisms and the role of agent-based modelling in urban planning. Town Planning Review, 87(3): 321-338. 2016
  11. Tasseron, G., K. Martens, and R. van der Heijden, The potential impact of vehicle-to-vehicle communication on on-street parking under heterogeneous conditions. IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, 8(2): 33-42. 2016
  12. Beekmans, J., H. Ploegmakers, K. Martens and E. Van der Krabben, Countering decline of industrial sites: do local economic development policies target the most needy places. Urban Studies. 53(14): 3027-3047. 2016
  13. Tasseron, G., K. Martens and R. Van der Heijden, The Potential Impact of Vehicle-to-Vehicle and Sensor-to-Vehicle Communication in Urban Parking. IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, 7(2): 22-33. 2015
  14. Kerkman, K., K. Martens and H. Meurs, Factors Influencing Stop-Level Transit Ridership in Arnhem–Nijmegen City Region, Netherlands. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2537: 23–32. 2015
  15. Martens, K., Accessibility and potential mobility as a guide for policy action. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2499: 18-24. 2015
  16. Martens, K., W. Sierzchula and S. Pasman, Broadening the Market for Carshare? Results of a Pilot Project in the Netherlands. World Transport Policy & Practice, 21(1): 17-29. 2015
  17. Van der Kloof, A., J. Bastiaanssen and K. Martens, Bicycle lessons, activity participation and empowerment. Case Studies on Transport Policy, 2(2): 89-95 2014
  18. Golub, A. and K. Martens, Using principles of justice to assess the modal equity of regional transportation plans. Journal of Transport Geography, 41: 10-20. 2014
  19. Beekmans, J., P. Beckers, E. van der Krabben and K. Martens, A hedonic price analysis of the value of industrial sites. Journal of Property Research, 31(2): 108-130. 2014
  20. Bar-Yosef, A., K. Martens and I. Benenson, A model of the vicious cycle of a bus line. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 54: 37-50. 2013
  21. Martens, K., The role of the bicycle in limiting transport poverty in the Netherlands. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2387: 20-25. 2013
  22. Martens, K. and Van der Weelden, P., Decision-making on transport infrastructure and contested information: a critical analysis of three approaches. European Planning Studies, 22(3): 648-666. 2013
  23. Levy, N., Martens, K., and Benenson, I., Exploring cruising using agent-based and analytical models of parking. Transportmetrica: Transport Science, 9(9): 773-797. 2012
  24. Martens, K., Justice in transport as justice in access: applying Walzer’s ‘Spheres of justice’ to the transport sector. Transportation, 39(6): 1035-1053. 2012
  25. Martens, K., Golub, A., and Robinson, G., Applying Walzer’s ‘Spheres of Justice’ to the Transport Sector: Implications for planning practice in the United States. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 46(4), 684-695. 2012
  26. Beekmans, J., E. van der Krabben and K. Martens, An Indicator for Decline of Industrial Estates. Journal of European Real Estate Research 5(2): 229-249. 2012
  27. Martens, K., Substance precedes methodology: on cost-benefit analysis and equity. Transportation, 38(6): 959-974. 2011
  28. Molin, E., Arentze, T., Bohte, W., Chorus, C., Martens, K., Synchroniseren van netwerken: de modellering, gebruik, governance en ontwerp van supernetwerken. Tijdschrift Vervoerswetenschap, 47(1): 7-21. 2011
  29. Martens, K. and Hurvitz, E., Distributive impacts of demand-based modeling. Transportmetrica, 7(3): 181-200. 2011
  30. Benenson, I., K. Martens, Rofé, Y., and Kwartler, A., Public transport versus private car: GIS-based estimation of accessibility applied to the Tel Aviv metropolitan area. The Annals of Regional Science, 47(3): 499-515. 2011
  31. Benenson, I., K. Martens, and Rofé, Y., Measuring the Gap Between Car and Transit Accessibility: Estimating Access Using a High-Resolution Transit Network Geographic Information System. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2144, 28-35. 2010
  32. Krabben, E. van der, and Martens, K., Besluitvorming over ruimtelijke investeringen: een conceptueel model voor een optimale afstemming tussen infrastructuur en gebiedsontwikkeling’. Tijdschrift Vervoerswetenschap, 45/4: 12-27, 2009
  33. Benenson, I., K. Martens, and Birfir, S., PARKAGENT: An agent-based model of parking in the city. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 32/6: 431-439. 2008
  34. Krabben, E. van der, K. Martens, Graaff, T. de, and Rietveld, P., How to define the optimal level of public-sector infrastructure development? A conceptual model for decision-making in infrastructure projects. Planning Practice and Research, 23(3): 363- 381. 2008
  35. Martens, K. and Benenson, I., Evaluating urban parking policies with agent-based model of driver parking behavior. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2046: 37-44. 2008
  36. Benenson, I. and Martens, K., From modeling parking search to establishing urban parking policy. Zeitschrift Künstliche Intelligenz, 3/8: 8-13. 2008
  37. Martens, K., Promoting bike-and-ride: the Dutch experience. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 41/4: 326-338. 2007
  38. Martens, K., Grounding transport planning on principles of social justice. Berkeley Planning Journal, 19: 1-17. 2006
  39. Martens, K., Participatory experiments from the bottom up: the role of environmental NGOs and citizen groups. European Journal of Spatial Development, 18: 1-20. 2005
  40. Martens, K., The bicycle as a feedering mode: experiences from three European countries. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 9/4: 281-294. 2004

Master and PhD Theses

Freund, Galia, Time, Money, and Trips You Didn’t Make: Transport Problems from a Wider Angle’. Haifa: Technion. 2020